Yinchuan's development depends on "fine" and "special"

The biggest resource advantage of Yinchuan and Ningxia is energy, and Yinchuan's coal reserves rank fifth in the country. With the country's growing demand for energy, Shanxi's coal base has been difficult to support, and another large energy base, Xinjiang, is also unable to support its geographical location. This has prompted the country to vigorously build an energy golden triangle such as Erdos in Inner Mongolia, Yulin in Shaanxi, and Ningxia, including Yinchuan. This kind of strategic adjustment at the national level means that Yinchuan will usher in the country's big investment opportunities in energy infrastructure and industry. Yinchuan can fully take advantage of this historical opportunity and focus on strengthening the energy and chemical industry.

Can not be based on bigger and bigger, but based on their own characteristics and comparative resources, gather a few key points, do a distinctive Yinchuan.

For Yinchuan, which achieved a GDP of 76.3 billion yuan in 2010, its future development path can neither refer to Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou and other mega-dollars with GDP of tens of billions, nor to the 500 billion yuan of Wuxi, Hangzhou and Wuhan. Medium-sized city. Can not be based on bigger and bigger, but based on their own characteristics and comparative resources, gather a few key points, do a distinctive Yinchuan.

The biggest resource advantage of Yinchuan and Ningxia is energy, and Yinchuan's coal reserves rank fifth in the country. With the country's growing demand for energy, Shanxi's coal base has been difficult to support, and another large energy base, Xinjiang, is also unable to support its geographical location. This has prompted the country to vigorously build an energy golden triangle such as Erdos in Inner Mongolia, Yulin in Shaanxi, and Ningxia, including Yinchuan. This kind of strategic adjustment at the national level means that Yinchuan will usher in the country's big investment opportunities in energy infrastructure and industry. Yinchuan can fully take advantage of this historical opportunity and focus on strengthening the energy and chemical industry.

To be a strong energy chemical industry, it is necessary to extend the industrial chain, from the initial level of coal products using the Kengkou Thermal Power Plant into electricity, and into the "Western Power East". The most important thing is to vigorously develop the coal chemical industry and the oil and gas chemical industry. We will accelerate the construction of modern coal chemical projects represented by coal-to-olefins, coal-to-liquids, coal-to-gas, and coal-based fertilizers; strive to improve petroleum refining capacity and level, and further develop engineering plastics, polyurethanes, polyesters, and fine chemicals. Yinchuan will be built into a national large-scale green new energy and chemical base and a circular economy demonstration zone, and an important oil and gas chemical base in the west. In the process of industrial chain extension, for Yinchuan, which has a small economic aggregate, it is necessary to do everything possible to dig new advantages, especially with the same type of energy city, especially the coal chemical industry in the other two places of the Golden Triangle. The chain compares the length, depth, and added value of the industrial chain. Only in this way can the Yinchuan's strategy of gathering characteristic industries be reflected.

In fact, in 2010, Yinchuan achieved a total industrial output value of 93.3 billion yuan, an increase of 38.2%, which is far above the national average. The output value of heavy industry is as high as 74.7 billion yuan, an increase of 43.2%. The contribution rate of heavy industry to industrial growth above designated size was 87.4%. Considering that the proportion of Yinchuan's secondary industry in the economy in 2010 was 49.7%, it means that in accordance with this aggregation strategy, under the support of heavy industry, which is dominated by energy and chemical industry, this proportion must exceed 50% in 2011. For Yinchuan, which is still in the middle of industrialization, it is not advisable to prematurely pursue the proportion of the tertiary industry, but to gather it into the industry and let its proportion be higher, so as to further enlarge the Yinchuan economy.

At the same time, considering that Ningxia is the only Hui Autonomous Region in the country, the state has also established a permanent China-Arab forum in Yinchuan from a strategic perspective. With the diversification of the world's economic entities, the Arab countries are already a huge market. Economic exchanges for Arab countries are a strategic opportunity for China and Ningxia. Yinchuan can take advantage of this opportunity to create an inland open communication platform for the Arab world. This is a characteristic resource of Yinchuan, which can completely serve Yinchuan as a platform for exchanges between China and the Arab world. Under this platform, it can bring huge opportunities for economic development.

Of course, the high status of Yinchuan in Ningxia is also a feature. In 2010, Ningxia's GDP was only 164.3 billion, and Yinchuan accounted for 73.6 billion, close to 50% of the province's GDP, which is relatively rare in provincial capital cities. The structure of this regional economy also determines Yinchuan's consideration of its own development strategy, not only considering the development of a city in Yinchuan, but considering the development of Ningxia as a whole city, just like Chongqing. This means that Yinchuan must consider the leading position of a big city in Ningxia and the thinking of the central city in the strategic layout of urban development. The layout of this feature requires Yinchuan to change the development thinking of the general city and creatively carry out the work.

The author is: Vice President of China Urban Development Strategy Research Institute, Researcher of Peking University Human Capital Research Institute, Financial Reviewer, and Regional Economic Observer.

Yinchuan re-created "the pearl"

As an underdeveloped minority area in the west, how does Yinchuan use its own resources to break through shortcomings and achieve rapid development?

Yinchuan, the capital of Ningxia, has a beautiful scenery, but the total economic volume is small and weak. In 2010, the city’s total production value was 76.326 billion yuan. Compared with the cities with hundreds of billions of inland inland, it is a younger brother, but Yinchuan cannot be ignored. In recent years, the economic growth rate has been at the forefront of the country, with an annual growth rate of more than 10%. As an underdeveloped minority area in the west, how does Yinchuan use its own resources to break through the shortcomings and achieve rapid development? To this end, the reporter of China Business News interviewed Wang Rugui, the mayor of Yinchuan City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.

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